Monday, 15 April 2013

ISO 14001 & OHSAS 18001





The essential difference between ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 is that ISO 14001 focuses on managing your organization's impact on the external environment, while OHSAS 18001 focuses on managing your organization's internal environment to ensure a safe and healthy workplace.

Structurally, the two standards are essentially identical. The requirements are essentially identical. Consequently, the processes and documentation needed to implement and certify to ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 are essentially the same. Only the intent and focus are different.


ISO 14001:2004 Clause
OHSAS 18001:2007 Clause
4.1 General Requirements
4.1 General Requirements
4.2 Environmental Policy
4.2 OH&S Policy
4.3 Planning
4.3 Planning
4.3.1 Environmental Aspects
4.3.1 Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, & Determining Controls
4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements
4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements
4.3.3 Objectives, Targets and Program(s)
4.3.3 Objectives and Programs
4.4 Implementation and Operation
4.4 Implementation and Operation
4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility and Authority
4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility, Accountability and Authority
4.4.2 Competence, Training and Awareness
4.4.2 Competence, Training and Awareness

4.4.3 Communication, Participation, and Consultation
4.4.3 Communication
4.4.3.1 Communication

4.4.3.2 Participation and Consultation
4.4.4 Documentation
4.4.4 Documentation
4.4.5 Control of Documents
4.4.5 Control of Documents
4.4.6 Operational Control
4.4.6 Operational Control
4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response

4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response

4.5 Checking
4.5 Checking and Corrective Action
4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement
4.5.1 Performance Measurement and Monitoring
4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance
4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance

4.5.3 Incident Investigation, Nonconformity, Corrective Action and Preventive Action

4.5.3.1 Incident Investigation
4.5.3 Nonconformity, Corrective and Preventive Action
4.5.3.2 Nonconformity, Corrective and Preventive Action
4.5.4 Control of Records
4.5.4 Control of Records
4.5.5 Internal Audit
4.5.5 Internal Audit
4.6 Management Review
4.6 Management Review


Although there are many similarities, there are two areas where the standards are distinctly different.

A safety management system that conforms to 18001:2007 requires an organization to conduct a hazard/risk analysis (14001:2004 requires an aspect/impact analysis) and to determine appropriate controls. Unlike the aspect/impact analysis, the 18001 standard requires risk reduction considerations according to a 5 step hierarchy-elimination, substitution, engineering controls, signage/warnings and/or administrative controls and lastly personal protective equipment. It is important to understand that the intent is to reduce risks utilizing the highest measure in the hierarchy where possible and not to simply use PPE in all cases. Perhaps a combination of engineering controls and PPE would be warranted. In each risk reduction analysis careful consideration should be given to the best option available to the organization.

A second major difference between ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 is the need for organizations to ensure employee participation in specific areas of the management system. Involvement should include participation in the hazard/risk and determining controls process, incident investigations, and development and review of policies and objectives. In addition, Employees (workers) must be consulted on any changes that affect their OH&S as well as representation on OH&S matters. Additionally, consultation with contractors is required where changes that affect their OH&S. And finally, it is important to note that the standard points out that the OH&S belongs to the workers and/or the contractors.




The OHSMS and the EMS can effectively be combined in one management system where the common clauses and procedures are shared. Some companies consider this when creating the documentation to simplify the implementation for an organization.

Rather than have parallel (duplicate) Manuals and other Documentation they note where the user can just incorporate the OH&S and EMS requirements to the manual, procedures and instructions.

Sources: NQA, ISO, Kantner, Pri Registrar.



12 comments:

Ruby ISOConsultant said...

ISO 14001
Benefits of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems Certification : By completing ISO 14001 certification your organisation can assure stakeholders that your environmental management system (EMS) meets international industry specific environmental standards. Every company large and small; industrial, manufacturing, services, or trade related had an impact on the environment and can therefore benefit from ISO 14001 certification.

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OHSAS 18001 certification said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Barton Wilson said...

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Barton Wilson @ International Standards Authority, Inc.

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